Gum disease advice
What is gum
The first tissues to become infected are the gums, leading to a mild form of the condition commonly known as gingivitis. If this is left untreated, the infected tissues would lead to the establishment of a periodontal ‘pocket’ between the gum and the tooth. The bacteria collected here is what can lead to the loss of tissue attachment around the tooth, causing the tooth to become loose, move or ultimately lost. Gum disease is one of the most common causes of tooth loss in adults.
Whilst this might sound scary, it’s vitally important to remember that gum disease is highly preventable and easily treatable if caught during its early stages. With more than 45% of adults in the UK affected by gum disease, it can have a significant impact on quality of life and general wellbeing.
Please don’t hesitate to get in touch and speak to our friendly team with any concerns you may have about the health of your gums.
What is gum disease?
The stages of
Gum disease typically has four distinct stages. It’s crucially important to be aware that if periodontal disease is spotted at an early stage, then it is much easier to treat and can even be reversed in some cases. If the disease is allowed to progress to the more advanced stages, it becomes more difficult to treat and surgical intervention is often required. Let’s take a closer look the four stages of gum disease:
Stage 1: Gingivitis
Gingivitis is a common form of mild gum disease, resulting in irritation, redness and swelling around the base of the teeth due to a build-up of plaque. Although the vast majority of gingivitis symptoms are painless and can often go unnoticed, bleeding gums is one of the typical initial symptoms and should never be ignored. Since it is possible to be unaware you have gingivitis, consistently excellent oral hygiene and regular dental visits are essential. If gingivitis is diagnosed, it’s easily treatable and potentially reversible.
Stage 2: Early Periodontal Disease
Stage 3: Moderate Periodontal Disease
Stage 4: Advanced Periodontal Disease
Who can get
If periodontal disease is identified in its early stages, it is easily treatable. If it is ignored, the disease can quickly progress and it becomes irreversible, often needing surgical intervention.