Family genetics and
It is thought that genetic factors may have a critical role in half the cases of periodontal disease. For example, some people with severe periodontal disease have genetic factors that affect the immune factor interleukin-1 (IL-1), a cytokine involved in the inflammatory response. Such individuals are up to 20 times more likely to develop advanced periodontitis than those without these genetic factors. Early onset and rapidly progressive periodontal disease also have strong genetic components.
This does not mean it is inevitable but it is likely that the extra care you take now in your oral care routine will make a big difference in the future. Knowing whether or not gum disease runs in your family will give you more control over your oral health.
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So what should you be doing now to prevent gum disease if it runs in your family?
- Good oral care
Good oral care is key to fighting plaque. Brush twice a day to cut down on harmful bacteria and plaque. Spend a full two minutes brushing, focusing on your gum line and hard-to-reach back teeth. Cleaning in between the teeth daily to reach the areas where you toothbrush cannot reach is essential.
- Balanced diet
Eat a balanced diet to make sure your teeth and gums are getting the nutrients that they need to remain healthy.
- Regular dental appointments
See your dentist every six months for regular examinations and see a hygienist for regular gum screening and professional care.