Bleeding gums

A Patient’s Guide to Bleeding Gums

Any patient suffering from sore or bleeding gums will no doubt be distressed by the experience. It’s uncomfortable and unpleasant, which is why Pure Periodontics is dedicated to helping their customers keep good oral hygiene standards. What many forget is that oral health doesn’t start and end with the teeth themselves, the surrounding tissue is also subject to infection and disease as well, and there are numerous bleeding gums treatment. If not properly cared for, gums can cause considerable irritation to anyone unlucky enough to find them inflamed.

Why are my gums bleeding

There are number of reasons for this, but they all involve a form of laceration. The least common examples are where healthy gums and tissues are cut by a sharp object, perhaps a toothbrush with a worn away end or an unexpected bone in a piece of food. In this case, the best case of action is to wait for the wound to heal and be sure to maintain a healthy environment with good brushing habits.

It’s much more likely that bleeding gums will be caused by issues with the general standard of hygiene though. The process of eating causes food matter to get pressed between your teeth, and in many cases this matter is too small to be easily detected. One of two things will happen to it: either it will be removed by brushing, flossing or another cleaning method, or it will stay where it is. If it stays where it is, it will be broken down into acids and bacteria, which are not good for the general health of the mouth. You’ve most likely heard a lot about the acids and the tooth decay they can cause. The effects are well documented in popular culture and there are few people that are not aware of the risks that they pose.

What is less well known is that the bacteria is equally disruptive, and one of the leading causes of bleeding gums. The first stage is known as gingivitis: an inflammation of gums and the surrounding tissue. It leads to the gingival tissue becoming red and swollen, thanks to the formation of blood blisters inside the pockets of tissue surrounding the teeth. These blisters can be disturbed and agitated by cleaning, leading to them breaking open. When this happens, blood will rise to the surface and the gums will bleed.

How to stop bleeding gums

The first step is the most obvious one and it involves looking after your teeth in a more responsible way. Brushing and flossing three times a day is going to help prevent that bacteria from forming in the first place and generally ensure that you need to spend less time in the dentist’s chair. Helping to disrupt the buildup of plaque bacteria will stop it from accumulate and cause damage. What many fail to realise is that you’re cleaning your mouth, not disinfecting it so it’s a constant job.

If you have agitated your gums to the point where infection has occurred, you will need bleeding gums treatment from a periodontist. What you’ll need depends on how severe the infection has become. Treatment for gingivitis is fairly simple, and involves cleaning plaque and calculus from the gum line. It can’t be done at home and requires a session with a specialist, but it is fairly quick and easy. Once the irritants have been removed- usually by scaling or debridement- the patient must take care to prevent the accumulation of plaque.

If the disease has already spread from the gum to bone, then the condition has become a little more complicated. Deeper pockets will have formed around the teeth and the affixation of the teeth to the gums comes under threat. This will cause the gums to become separated from the the teeth and lead to the roots become exposed and vulnerable. Bleeding gums treatment should start immediately because the problem will only become worse in time as a vicious circle begins. Spaces that appear will cause even more food to become stuck, leading to even more bacteria. As the areas become increasingly inaccessible, the problem will only become exasperated.

Treatment for severely bleeding gums normally involves 4 steps.

  1. Scaling. The removal of plaque, and the bacteria that resides within it, from the root and tooth surfaces is the first step. The roots will often be smoothed to prevent future adhesion of calculus and the periodontal pockets will be thoroughly cleaned.
  2. Medication. This should help to both control the growth of fresh bacteria and reduce the patient’s sensitivity to their exposed roots.
  3. Changing habits. Education is a vital part of the treatment, as this sort of problem can very easily occur again and again if the patient is not careful and does not learn how to treat bleeding gums.
  4. Maintenance. Additional scalings and root planings may not be a direct treatment for bleeding gums but they will help to prevent them from flaring up again.