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How is Gum Disease Treated and is There a Cure?

Gum disease, medically known as periodontal disease, is a common oral health issue. But how is it treated, and can it be cured? Let’s delve into the details in this quick read.

  1. Early Detection is Key

The first step to addressing gum disease is recognising its signs: red, swollen gums, bleeding while brushing, and bad breath. The earlier it’s detected, the easier it is to treat. Regular dental check-ups are crucial for early diagnosis.

  1. Treatment Options

Non-Surgical Treatments
Dental Cleaning: Routine cleanings help to remove plaque and tartar, but if gum disease has already set in, a more profound cleaning called scaling and root planing might be necessary.

This is a deep-cleaning method that removes tartar from both above and below the gum line. Root surfaces are also smoothed to prevent further plaque and tartar build-up.

Laser treatments
Laser treatment can sound intimidating to many but in reality, it’s a perfectly safe and effective procedure. Making the most of modern technology, it uses precise equipment to provide a level of treatment that would be all but impossible when completed using traditional methods. This therapy changes the environment in the gum pocket through removal of inflamed tissue and root surface calculus/tartar to promote healthy tissue regeneration.

Surgical Treatments
Flap Surgery: If inflammation and deep pockets remain following treatment, flap surgery may be recommended. This procedure involves lifting back the gums and removing tartar, then the gums are sutured back in place.

Bone and Tissue Grafts: Advanced cases may lead to bone or tissue loss. Grafts can be used to encourage the growth of new bone or gum tissue.

  1. Medications

There are several antimicrobial agents that can be prescribed to reduce bacteria or temporarily reduce the size of gum pockets. However, they’re typically used infrequently and in conjunction with other treatments.

  1. Prevention: The Real Cure

While treatments can significantly aid in managing gum disease, the true “cure” lies in prevention. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups can keep gum disease at bay. Additionally, a healthy diet and avoiding tobacco products are crucial for maintaining gum health.

Conclusion While there isn’t a one-size-fits-all “cure” for advanced gum disease, early detection and a combination of treatments can halt its progression and sometimes even reverse it. Prioritising oral hygiene is the best way to prevent the onset of gum disease and maintain a healthy smile.

If you’re concerned about gum disease, would like to book a consultation or would like more information about gum disease, please call us on 020 3925 1676 to speak to our friendly team, or fill out our contact form.